The Nature of Izmir

By in About Izmir with 0 Comments

The nature of Izmir hosts a wide variety of habitats such as forests, wetlands, marine and coastal ecosystems. Three river basins of Western Anatolia; Bakırçay, Gediz and Küçük Menderes are located within the borders of Izmir province. In Izmir, forests cover approximately 40 percent of the city and where the forests end, the vegetation turns into scrub.

Nature of Izmir is home to sensitive and unique natural areas.

Located on the periphery of the city center, important natural areas such as the Gediz Delta, Bakırçay and Küçük Menderes deltas, Nif Mountain, Ildır Bay, Çiçek Islands are scattered in almost all districts of İzmir.

Despite experiencing a Mediterranean climate, Izmir has mountains at an altitude of 2,000 meters. There is a Great Rye Ski Center in Bozdağ, which is a part of Ödemiş. Spil Mountain between Manisa and Izmir is one of the most ideal places for nature sports and trekking. In addition, Kozak Plateau in Bergama; Kemalpaşa, Ödemiş and Bozdağ plateaus also have many suitable areas for trekking.

Nature of Izmir gives life to a rich flora and fauna.

The ancestor of the olive, which grows naturally in the  Mediterranean maquis, stretches as far as possible in the forests of Izmir. The crested pelican breeding in the Gediz Delta is one of the two pelican species in Turkey. 5 percent of the world’s greater flamingo population lives in the wetlands of Izmir. Its shores are home to the Mediterranean monk seal, one of the world’s twelve rarest mammals and Europe’s rarest living species.

The Gediz Delta

The Gediz Delta is the best indicator of living in a modern city without leaving nature. Gediz Delta, which is an Key Biodiversity Area and an Important Bird Area, is one of the rare wetlands that offers a habitat for thousands of creatures.

Bozdağ Wildlife Trail / Ödemiş

Located in the Bozdağ Mountains, an important Nature Area, this route is ideal for hiking and camping.

Olive Route Seferihisar

Located in Sığacık, Olive Route is a special walking route. Along the way, centuries-old olive and Cyprus turpentine trees accompany the hikers. There are also tangerine orchards and agricultural fields in the region.

Kozak Plateau / Bergama 

Kozak Plateau; located between Bergama – Ayvalık district centers, is an important highland tourism center famous for its pine nuts and weaving. Yukaribey Sub-District is a point where stone pine trees are dense. Tree species such as oriental plane-tree and Turkey oak are also found in this area. Bird species such as masked shrike, wood pigeon, common chaffinch and blackbird live in it. Among the wild mammals, golden jackal, wild boars, european hare and eurasian badger can be seen.

Alaçatı Wetland / Çeşme

Çeşme-Alaçatı Wetland; is a lagoon-type estuary of approximately 250 hectares. The area is home to endemic species of plant. Sea cowpea and reedmace, which can see almost everywhere in the wetland, provide feeding, shelter and breeding grounds for some bird species.  In addition, birds such as black-winged stilt, zitting cisticola and golden plover are also important species in the area.

Birgi / Ödemiş 

Birgi is hidden in a green geography on the cool slopes of Bozdağ Mountains is a charming region that should be seen with its stone-walled, Turkish-style tiled, wooden windows rising from the centuries-old oriental plane-tree and sweet chestnut trees. It is a hidden historical and cultural treasure with its history dating back to 2000 BC.

Yamanlardağı Nature Park / Karşıyaka

Natural Park was registered as a protected area by the ministry in 2011. It is located within the Yamandağı Key Biodiversity Area (KBA). The KBA, an important part of which is covered with red pine forests and maquis, contains a wide range of vegetation mosaics ranging from dry maquis communities to chestnut forests. It is also a very suitable area for forest bird observation.


Read our blog post to learn more about ‘Is July a good time to visit Turkey?’                                                


Contact Us

Share This

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *